Roman Gods: Bacchus
was the Roman god of wine and merry-making and the
son of the Jupiter and Semele. The name of his festival
was 'Bacchanalia' which held between March 15 and
16 and been used to refer to any forms of drunken
Bacchanalia were held in in the grove of
Simila, near the Aventine Hill in Rome. The Latin word 'orgia'
originally meant "secret rites" and from
which the modern word 'orgy' is derived.
Roman Gods: Minerva
was the name of the goddess of wisdom,
the daughter of Jupiter. Her symbols and
weapons reflected her strategic approach and her
preparation for war and were symbols of victory. Minerva was a member of the Capitoline Triad which consisted
of three major gods - Jupiter, Juno and Minerva.
The most important temples in Rome were
dedicated to the triad of gods and situated
on the Capitoline Hill.
Roman Gods: Ceres
was the goddess of agriculture.
The sister of Vesta, Pluto, Neptune and
Jupiter. The mother of Proserpina (by Jupiter)
who was abducted by Pluto and carried off into the
Underworld. Her name originates from the Latin word 'Cerealis'
meaning "of grain" from which we derive the modern word
Roman Gods: Vulcan
was the name of the Roman god of fire and
metal-working and the son of Jupiter
and Juno. His name derives from the Latin
word 'Vulcanus' meaning "fire, flames, volcano". Vulcan was highly honored
by the Romans who debated the most important issues of
the republic in his temple.
Roman Gods: Pluto
was the Roman god of the Underworld and the brother of Jupiter, Vesta, Neptune and
Ceres. Animal Sacrifices were made to Pluto
at the Roman Colosseum where a marble altar was set in
the middle of the arena, complete with a burning fire.
As the god of Death the name of Pluto was used in Roman
Roman Gods: Diana
was the name of the goddess of the hunt
and the moon. She was the daughter of Jupiter and Latona
and the twin sister of
Apollo. As an emblem of chastity she was
especially venerated by young maidens, they
sacrificed their hair to her before marrying. Her name was first known as Diviana
meaning "to shine".
Roman Gods: Apollo
was the name of the god of the sun,
music, healing, archery and prophecy.
The son of Jupiter and Latona, twin of Diana.
As the the source of harmony he was called
Liber Pater and carried a shield to show he
was the protector of mankind, and their
preserver in health and safety.
Roman Gods: Cupid
was the name of the Roman god of erotic
love and beauty.. His name derives from the Latin word 'Cupido'
meaning "desire, love". Cupid had two different types of
arrows which explains this Roman god's association with
both romantic and erotic love.
His daughter called Voluptus was the spirit
of pleasure, desire, and enjoyment.
Roman Gods Family Tree