Ancient Greek Gods and Goddesses for Kids - Uranus (aka Ouranos)
The myths and legends surrounding Uranus, the primordial god of the heavens
Uranus for kids
Discover the myths surrounding Uranus, the Primordial Greek god of the heavens and the sky. Uranus (Ouranos) featured in many of the tales and legends from ancient Greek mythology and was famously the father of the Titans and the consort of his mother Gaia. Read about his role in the dynasties of the different generations of gods and his treatment of his giant children that brought about the rebellion of the Titans and the Battle of the Giants against the Olympian gods led by Zeus.
Additional facts and information about the mythology of individual gods and goddesses can be accessed via the following links:
Uranus, the God of the heavens
Picture of Uranus (Ouranos), castrated by his son Cronus
Who was Uranus?
Uranus (Ouranos) was one of the primordial deities, and god of the heavens. Another version of his name was 'Ouranos' meaning "sky" or "heaven". He was the first son of Gaia, who he also married. Their union produced the race of giant gods called the Titans. Uranus was a refined but melancholy deity, representing the light and air of heaven. He possessed the distinguishing qualities of light, heat, purity, and omnipresence, the state of being everywhere at once.
Picture of Uranus and Gaia
Uranus (Roman Counterpart was Caelus)
When the Roman Empire conquered the Greeks in 146BC, the Romans assimilated various elements from other cultures and civilisations, including the gods and goddesses that were worshipped by the Ancient Greeks. Many of the Greek gods and goddesses, such as Uranus (Ouranos), were therefore adopted by the Romans but were given Latin names. The Roman counterpart of Uranus was Caelus.
Uranus and the Ancient Greek Gods
According to mythology the Ancient Greek gods and goddesses, including Uranus consisted, of three major dynasties from different generations:
- The First generation of Ancient Greek Gods were the Primeval deities of which Uranus (Ouranos) was a member
- The Primordial, or Primeval, gods were those that existed at or from the beginning of time and resided within the region of the universe known as the Elemental Chaos
- The Second generation of Ancient Greek Gods were the Titans
- The Third generation of Ancient Greek Gods were the famous Olympians
Each generation, or dynasty, of the Ancient Greek Gods overthrew the previous generation.
The Family Tree of Uranus
The genealogy and the Family Tree of Uranus (Ouranos) is illustrated as follows and clarifies the relationship between Uranus and the first primordial gods and goddesses.
Uranus in Greek Mythology - Father of the Titans
Uranus (Ouranos) was a primordial deity, the god of the heavens, and the first son and consort of Gaia. The union between Uranus and Gaia produced 12 gigantic children called the Titans. The Titans was the name given to their six sons (Oceanus, Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus and Cronus) and the Titanides their six daughters (Theia, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe and Tethys). Uranus and Gaia overthrew the 'elder gods' and Uranus adopted the role of the ruler of the gods.
Uranus and the Titans
Uranus and Gaia produced another 3 giant sons, the Cyclopes and three more sons called the Centimani (Hundred-Handed Ones) who were giants of incredible strength and ferocity. Uranus was frightened of his gigantic children and in order to prevent them taking his power as the ruler of the Primordial gods he hurled them down into a dark abyss, a prison that was called Tartarus, where he kept them in chains. Gaia pleaded with Uranus to release the children but Uranus sternly refused her request. Uranus knew that their release would pose a huge threat to his position of ruler of the gods.
Ancient Greek Gods - The giant race of Titans chained in Tartarus with Uranus and Gaia looking on
Uranus and Cronus
Gaia hated the treatment that her 12 children had received at the hands of Uranus and swore revenge on her consort. She convinced her children to conspire against Uranus (Ouranos) and take his throne. Cronus, the youngest of the Titans, hated Tartarus and his cruel father for his harsh treatment. Gaia released him from his chains, and gave him a weapon, an incredibly sharp scythe, to attack his father. Cronus fought with Uranus and castrated his father during their struggle for power. He then bound his father in chains and threw him into Tartarus. The Gigantes, or giants and the Furies were born of the blood that spilled onto earth when Cronus castrated his father during their struggle for power. Cronus then took possession of the vacant throne, intending to rule the universe forever. Uranus cursed his son and prophesied that a day would come when Cronus would also be supplanted by his children and suffer just punishment for his rebellion. The Titan males joined with their sisters to produce children and the next generation of gods came to power.
- Interesting information and Facts about the Greek god Uranus (Ouranos)
- The Greek god of the heavens
- Stories and Legends in Greek Mythology associated with this ancient Greek god (Ouranos)
- Facts and information about the Deities of the Ancient World for schools and kids
- Uranus (Ouranos), the Greek primordial god
The Family of Uranus - Greek Gods Family Tree and Genealogy
Cronus and the Titans were eventually overthrown by the next generation of gods - the Olympians who were ruled by Zeus. The family members and genealogy of Uranus can be established via the Greek gods family tree, providing an overview of the relationships between Uranus (Ouranos) and the principle Greek gods and goddesses.
The Greek Gods Family Tree