Uranus, the God of the heavens
Who was Uranus?
Uranus (Ouranos) was one of the primordial deities, and god of the heavens. Another version of his name was 'Ouranos' meaning "sky" or "heaven". He was the first son of Gaia, who he also married. Their union produced the race of giant gods called the Titans. Uranus was a refined but melancholy deity, representing the light and air of heaven. He possessed the distinguishing qualities of light, heat, purity, and omnipresence, the state of being everywhere at once.
Picture of Uranus (Ouranos), castrated by his son Cronus
Uranus (Roman Counterpart was Caelus)
When the Roman Empire conquered the Greeks in 146BC, the Romans assimilated various elements from other cultures and civilisations, including the gods and goddesses that were worshipped by the Ancient Greeks. Many of the Greek gods and goddesses, such as Uranus (Ouranos), were therefore adopted by the Romans but were given Latin names. The Roman counterpart of Uranus was Caelus.
Picture of Uranus and Gaia
Uranus and the Ancient Greek Gods
According to mythology the Ancient Greek gods and goddesses, including Uranus consisted, of three major dynasties from different generations:
- The First generation of Ancient Greek Gods were the Primeval deities of which Uranus (Ouranos) was a member
- The Primordial, or Primeval, gods were those that existed at or from the beginning of time and resided within the region of the universe known as the Elemental Chaos
- The Second generation of Ancient Greek Gods were the Titans
- The Third generation of Ancient Greek Gods were the famous Olympians
Each generation, or dynasty, of the Ancient Greek Gods overthrew the previous generation.
The Family Tree of Uranus
The genealogy and the Family Tree of Uranus (Ouranos) is illustrated as follows and clarifies the relationship between Uranus and the first primordial gods and goddesses.
Uranus in Greek Mythology - Father of the Titans
Uranus (Ouranos) was a primordial deity, the god of the heavens, and the first son and consort of Gaia. The union between Uranus and Gaia produced 12 gigantic children called the Titans. The Titans was the name given to their six sons (Oceanus, Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus and Cronus) and the Titanides their six daughters (Theia, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe and Tethys). Uranus and Gaia overthrew the 'elder gods' and Uranus adopted the role of the ruler of the gods.