Roman Gods and Mythology

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Ancient Roman Gods and Mythology
The history, myths and legends that surround Roman Gods and Mythology

Roman Gods and Mythology
Discover the legends, history and myths surrounding the Roman gods and goddesses who are referred to in the stories of Roman Gods and Mythology. This article provides an overview of facts and interesting information about Roman Gods and Mythology, history and legends. A fast overview of Roman Gods and Mythology. For detailed facts and information about gods and goddesses refer to the following:

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Gods and Deities

Roman Gods and Goddesses

Myths & Stories

Ancient Greek Gods and Goddesses

 

 

Ancient Roman Gods and Mythology
This article provides interesting facts and information about Roman Gods and Mythology. The Romans habitually adopted different culture, mythology and religions from other cultures and civilisations. This included the assimilation of the gods, goddesses and mythology of foreign nations, especially those from ancient Greece. The Romans identified their own gods, goddesses and mythology with those of the Greeks, adapting the myths, legends and stories told about them and importing them into their own religion and culture. The Roman gods and goddesses not adopted from foreign religions were called 'di indigetes'.

Ancient Roman Gods and Mythology
The stories about Roman Gods and Mythology are therefore similar to many found in ancient Greek mythology but more emphasis is placed on the political development of the Roman government and the Roman state religion with particular focus on the moral expectations of the Romans. Roman Gods and Mythology contains their creation myth and the story of the birth of Romulus and Remus and the founding of the city of Rome.

Roman Mythology - The she-wolf suckles Romulus and Remus

Roman Mythology - The she-wolf suckles Romulus and Remus

Roman Gods and Mythology
Who were the creatures and gods who featured in the stories of Roman Gods and Mythology? The following chart provides a description and definition of Roman Gods and mythology.

A - Z of Famous Gods, Creatures & Names from Roman Gods and Mythology

Roman Gods and Mythology

A


Achilles
Achilles was a demigod and the son of Thetis, a minor sea-goddess and Peleus, the king of Myrmidons
Abundantia Abundantia, the Roman goddess of abundance and prosperity
Aesculapius Aesculapius, the god of healing and medicine
Aeneas Aeneas was a demigod and the son of the goddess Venus and Prince Anchises
Amphion Amphion was a demigod and a son of Jupiter and Antiope
Apollo Apollo, god of poetry, music, and oracles
Aurora Aurora, goddess of the dawn

Roman Gods and Mythology

B

Bacchus Bacchus, god of wine
Bellona Bellona war goddess

Roman Gods and Mythology

C

Ceres Ceres, goddess of the harvest and mother of Proserpina
Charon Charon, the ferryman
Cupid Cupid, god of love and the son of Venus
Cybele Cybele, goddess of fertility in Roman Gods and Mythology

Roman Gods and Mythology

D

Dardanus Dardanus was a demigod and a son of Jupiter and Electra who was the daughter of Atlas
Discordia Discordia was the Goddess of Strife and Discord
Diana Diana, goddess of the hunt, the moon, virginity

Roman Gods and Mythology

F

Fauna Fauna, goddess of nature and animals
Faunus Faunus, god of flocks
Flora Flora, goddess of flowers
Fortuna Fortuna, goddess of fortune

Roman Gods and Mythology

H

Helen of Troy Helen of Troy was a demigod and a daughter of Jupiter and Leda who was queen of Sparta
Hekate Hekate, goddess of Magic and the moon in Roman Mythology
Harmonia Harmonia was a demigod and a daughter of Jupiter and Electra
Hercules Hercules (Heracles in Greek) was a demigod and a son of Jupiter and the mortal Alcmene

Roman Gods and Mythology

I

Iasus Iasus was a demigod and a son of Jupiter and Electra (one of the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione). He was the brother of Dardanus

Roman Gods and Mythology

J

Janus Janus, double-faced or two-headed god of beginnings and endings and of doors in Roman Mythology
Juventus Juventas, goddess of Youth
Juno Juno, Queen of the Gods and goddess of matrimony, and one of the Dii Consentes
Jupiter Jupiter, King of the Gods and the storm, air, and sky god

Roman Gods and Mythology

L

Luna Luna, goddess of the moon
Lares Lares, household gods
Latona Latona goddess of motherhood and modesty

A - Z of Famous Gods, Creatures & Names from Roman Gods and Mythology

Ancient Roman Gods and Mythology
The following chart provides a description and definition of the different gods, goddesses, heroes and mythical creatures of Roman Gods and Mythology.

A - Z of Roman Gods and Mythology

Roman Gods and Mythology

M

 

Mater Matuta Mater Matuta was an indigenous Roman goddess in Roman Mythology, whom the Romans eventually made equivalent to the dawn goddess Aurora
Mars Mars the God of War
Mercury Mercury, messenger of the gods and bearer of souls to the underworld
Minerva Minerva, goddess of wisdom, war, the arts in Roman Mythology
Mithras Mithras, god of soldiers, light, truth, and honor

Roman Gods and Mythology

N

Neptune Neptune, god of the sea, earthquakes, and horses

Roman Gods and Mythology

O

Orion Orion was a demigod and a son of the sea god Neptune and Euryale  in Mythology
Orpheus Orpheus was a demigod and a son of Calliope and the god Apollo in Roman Mythology

Roman Gods and Mythology

P

Perseus Perseus was a demigod  in Mythology and a son of Jupiter and Danae
Proserpina Proserpina, Queen of the Dead and a grain-goddess
Penates Penates or Di Penates, household gods
Pluto Pluto, god of the Underworld
Pollux Pollux was a demigod and a son of Jupiter and the mortal Leda. He was the twin brother of Castor

Roman Gods and Mythology

Q

Quirinus In Roman Gods and Mythology and religion, Quirinus was an early god of the Roman state

Roman Gods and Mythology

R

Roma Roma, personification of the Roman state
Romulus and Remus Romulus and Remus were the twin brothers and central characters of Rome's foundation myth.
Rhea Silvia Rhea Silvia was the mythical mother of the twins Romulus and Remus, who founded the city of Rome.

Roman Gods and Mythology

S

Saturnus Saturnus, the god of time, harvest and agriculture in Roman Gods and Mythology
Servius Tullius Servius Tullius was the sixth king of Rome, whose mysterious origins were freely mythologized and said to have been the lover of the goddess Fortuna
Sibylline Books The Sibylline Books (Libri Sibyllini) were a collection of a collection of prophecies from an Oracle named the Sibyl of Cumae, bearing upon Roman religion and the welfare of Romans and the Roman state

Roman Gods and Mythology

T

Theseus Theseus was a demigod and a son of Neptune and Aethra
Trivia Trivia, goddess of crossroads
Tityos Tityos was a demigod and a son of Jupiter and Elara

Roman Gods and Mythology

V

Venus Venus, goddess of love, beauty, sexuality, and gardens
Vesta Vesta, goddess of the hearth, the Roman state, and the sacred fire
Victoria Victoria, goddess of victory
Vulcan Vulcan, god of the forge, fire, and blacksmiths

Roman Gods and Mythology

XYZ

Zethes Zethes was a demigod and a son of Boreas (the Greek god of the cold north wind and the bringer of winter) and Oreithyia, daughter of King Erechtheus of Athens. His brother was Calais in Roman Mytholog

A - Z of Famous Gods, Creatures & Names from Roman Gods and Mythology

The Roman Gods and Mythology
Much of the mythology and legends of the divinities and deities of Ancient Rome were taken from the Greeks. Material was taken from Greek heroic legend by Virgil, Livy and Hyginus. Virgil was a poet who wrote the Aeneid, a Latin epic poem which tells the adventures of Aeneas after the Trojan War and contributed to the founding myths of Roman mythology. Livy and Gaius Julius Hyginus were respected historians who documented Roman versions of the famous myths. The people of Ancient Rome enjoyed the legends and mythology that told of the great victories won by heroes over great odds. In Roman mythology the gods and goddesses mixed with humans and children from such liaisons were called 'demigods' who were invariably renown for their courage and great strength.

  • Hercules was a demigod and the son of Jupiter (the Greek god Zeus). The myths and legends of the Twelve Labors of Hercules featured strongly in Roman mythology
  • The legends and myths about terrifying creatures and monsters were also favored in the Mythology of Ancient Rome including the mythology relating to:
  • Cyclopes, the one-eyed giant
  • Cerberus, the dog with three heads that guarded the entrance to Hades
  • Minotaur, the half man half bull mythical monster that lived in the Labyrinth at Knossos
  • The Sirens, whose singing lured sailors on to rocks
  • The Centaurs, the mythical creatures with the head, arms, and torso of a man and the body and legs of a horse
  • Gorgons, dreadful female monsters with sharp fangs and hair of living, venomous snakes
  • Medusa, the gorgon that was slayed by Perseus
  • Chimera, fire-breathing female monster with the head of a lion, the body of a goat and the tail of a serpent
  • Echidna, half woman and half snake, known as the "Mother of All Monsters" because most of the supernatural creatures and monsters in mythology were mothered by her
  • Pegasus the flying horse

Ancient Roman Gods & Mythology

  • Ancient Roman Gods and Mythology
  • Names in Roman Gods and Mythology
  • The names Roman Gods and Mythology
  • Facts and information about the Roman Gods and Mythology of the Ancient World for schools and kids
  • Ancient Roman Gods and Mythology
 

 
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