Facts about Jupiter in Roman Mythology and History
Discover interesting information and facts about Jupiter, the Roman god of the Skies and King of the Gods. The facts about Jupiter provides a list detailing fascinating additional info to increase your knowledge about Jupiter in Roman Mythology and history.
History and Mythical Facts about Jupiter
Fact 1 about Jupiter: He was the husband of his sister Juno
Fact 2 about Jupiter: September 4 - 19 was the Ludi Romani which were the festival of games for the people of Rome in the honor of Jupiter
Fact 3 about Jupiter: The eagle was his symbol, it was his favorite bird, and bore his thunderbolts.
Fact 4 about Jupiter: The Vinalia festival was dedicated to Jupiter and celebrated on 23rd April when the wine-skins of the previous year were opened and the wine tasted was dedicated to the god
Fact 5 about Jupiter: Jove punished his jealous wife Juno when she attempted to drown Hercules in a storm. According to the myth she was her hung upside down from the sky
Fact 6 about Jupiter: The father of Jupiter was Saturnus, who, because he was fated to be overthrown by one of his children, ate all his offspring. His mother, Ops, tricked her husband and saved her son.
Fact 7 about Jupiter: He was the father of Minerva, who in some myths is said to have sprung from his head.
Fact 8 about Jupiter: He was well respected by the Romans as he dispensed justice and served as protector.
Fact 9 about Jupiter: His brothers, Neptune and Pluto ruled the sea and the underworld respectively
Fact 10 about Jupiter: The Capitoline Jupiter, or the Jupiter Optimus Maximus, was the great guardian of the Romans, and was represented, in his chief temple, on the Capitoline hill, as sitting on a curule chair, with the lightning in his right hand, and a sceptre in his left.
Fact 11 about Jupiter: The noise in a thunder storm was attributed to the rattling of Jupiter's chariot and horses on a great arch of brass all over their heads, as they imagined that he himself flung the flames out of his hand, which dart at the same time out of the clouds, beneath the arch.
Fact 12 about Jupiter: April 13: The Ides of Aprilis on April 13 was sacred to Jupiter Victor
Fact 13 about Jupiter: White steers were the blood offerings to Jupiter whereas as white cows were the offerings to Juno
Fact 14 about Jupiter: Thunder was his weapon and he bore a shield called Aegis which was made for him by Vulcan. The aegis, a protective buckler shield, an example is shown in the following picture, was a symbol of the god.
Jupiter (Greek Counterpart was Zeus)
The Romans habitually assimilated various elements from other cultures and civilisations, including the gods and goddesses that were worshipped by the Greeks and other nations. When the Roman Empire conquered the Greeks in 146BC many of the Greek gods and goddesses were adopted by the Romans. The Romans simply changed the Greek gods names to Latin equivalents. The Greek counterpart of Jupiter was Zeus. The Roman religion significantly differed from the Greeks in that it was officially endorsed by the state and exerted influence over the government of Rome. Politicians took the offices of influential priests, called pontiffs, to gain control of the popular worship, Roman gods and goddesses like Jupiter were worshipped at every public event, including the gladiatorial games, where Blood sacrifices were made to the gods. In ancient Rome, the pantheon of 12 major gods, including Jupiter, were called the 'Dei Consentes' meaning the Council of Gods.
Jupiter and the Roman Gods Family Tree and Genealogy
The Roman gods family tree provides an instant overview of the genealogy and the family connections and relationships between the main deities, including Jupiter, who feature in the legends and mythology of the ancient Romans. The Primeval gods and deities, the Titans and the Roman Olympians.