Roman Gods and Goddesses - The 'Dei Consentes', the Council of Gods
Principle Roman Gods and Goddesses
Who are all the Roman gods and what are the Roman gods and goddess names? The names of the principle Roman gods and the 'Dei Consentes', the Council of Gods, were Jupiter (aka Jove), Juno, Vesta, Minerva, Ceres, Diana, Venus, Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Vulcan & Apollo.
Roman Gods: Jupiter, who was also called Jove
Jupiter was the king of the Roman gods and of the sky and the heavens. Jupiter was the patron god of the Roman state ruling over laws and social order. Jupiter was the brother of Vesta, Pluto, Neptune and Ceres. He married his sister Juno and together they had three children; Mars, Juventia and Vulcan. His symbols were the the aegis (a protective shield) the oak tree, the eagle, the bull and the thunderbolt. The largest temple in Rome was dedicated to the god Jupiter and situated on the Capitoline Hill.
Roman Gods: Juno
Juno was the Queen of the Roman gods and the goddess of the marriage. women, especially in association with childbirth. She married her brother Jupiter and together they had three children: Mars, Juventia and Vulcan. Juno is represented by the Romans with a spear in her hand, and sometimes with a patera (a shallow dish).
Roman Gods: Neptune
Neptune was the name of the god of the sea. He was a son of the Titans, Cronus and Rhea. The brother of Jupiter, Vesta, Pluto and Ceres
The Roman god Neptune in his chariot drawn by Hippocamps (Horses of the sea)
Roman Gods: Mars
Mars was the Roman god of war and the son of Jupiter and Juno. As Mars Gradivus, the god of war preceded the Roman armies and led them to victory. The name of Gradivus was one of the gods by whom a general or soldiers might swear an oath to be valorous in battle. The priests of Mars, the war god, were called the Salii who wore the full war-dress (trabea and tunica picta) and were was first instituted by Numa Pompilius.
Roman Gods: Venus
Venus was the goddess of love and beauty and the daughter of Jupiter and Dione. The name Venus derives from the Latin word 'vanati' meaning "desires, loves, wins". Venus had many children by her lovers including Cupid, god of love by Mars, the god of war. The Veneralia was the Ancient Roman festival of Venus Verticordia and was held on April 1.
Roman Gods: Mercury
Mercury was the messenger of the gods. He was also the Roman god of finance, gymnasts, thieves, gamblers, merchants and commerce. He had a temple and a sacred fount near the Porta Capena. A famous temple was erected to Mercury near the Circus Maximus.
Roman Gods were publicly worshipped at the Circus Maximus