Fact 1: She was the earth goddess and also the goddess of fertility, agriculture, nature and the seasons. It was she who ensured that men were given bread.
Fact 2: The names of her parents were Cronus and Rhea
Fact 3: She was one of the 12 Olympian gods who resided on the summit of Mount Olympus
Fact 4: She was mother of Persephone (by Zeus) who was abducted by Hades see the Abduction of Persephone by Hades.
Fact 5: Her chariot was drawn by a pair of winged dragons (serpent-like monsters).
Fact 6: One of her sons by Poseidon was called Arion who was a wonderful singer and poet
Fact 7: The symbols and attributes of the goddess were the Grain Sheaf, Winged Serpent, Lotus Staff, Torch, Cornucopia (horn of plenty) refer to Symbols of Demeter.
Fact 8: She gave mortals the Mysteries which give man higher hopes in this life and the afterlife. The rites and practises held in honor of Demeter became known as the Eleusinian Mysteries in which the participants were promised a special future in the underworld after death. The Eleusinian Mysteries contained some of the most important ceremonies in ancient Greece.
Fact 9: As a punishment for cutting down trees in a sacred grove she placed Aethon, the god of famine, in the stomach of Erysichthon making him permanently famished.
Fact 10: In another famous myth she chose to teach Triptolemus the art of agriculture. He rode on her chariot pulled by winged serpents and taught the people of Greece to plant and reap crops.
Fact 11: In her ancient form as a mare-goddess, was ravaged by Poseidon in the guise of a stallion
Fact 12: At the marriage of Cadmus and Harmonia, she lured Iasion away from the celebration and they became lovers
Fact 13: The Roman counterpart to this goddess is Ceres, from whom the word "cereal" is derived.
Fact 14: The myth relating to the nursing of Demophoon tells of the attempts of the goddess to make the child in her care, Demophoon, immortal.
Fact 15: The Thesmophoria was one of the festivals held in honour of Demeter, in her role as presiding over marriage and social institutions resulting from the spread of agriculture. The Thesmophoria festival was celebrated exclusively by women.
Fact 16: Famous legends and myths about Demeter (Ceres) relate to:
The abduction of Persephone by Hades
The punishment of Erysichthon
The nursing of Demophoon
The journeys of Triptolemos
Her conflict with Poseidon