Ancient Greek Gods and Goddesses for Kids - Eris
The myths and legends surrounding Eris, the primordial goddess of discord, strife, quarrels, chaos and feuds
Eris for kids
Discover the myths surrounding Eris, the Primordial Greek goddess of discord, chaos, quarrels and feuds, the spirit of friction, battle-strife and hostility. The role of Eris as the goddess of discord brought dissension and disputes between families and different factions. She played her part in the causes of wars and disharmony and feuds between families and friends. Eris was the daughter of the primordial gods Erebus (God of Darkness) and Nyx (the dark Goddess of Night) and the sister of the many of the dark gods of death, night and the Underworld. Additional facts about the mythology of individual gods and goddesses can be accessed via the following links:
Gods and Deities
Greek Gods and Goddesses
Who was Eris?
Eris was one of the primeval gods who was a daughter of Nyx who was believed to be the mother of everything mysterious and anything that was inexplicable and unpleasant, such as death, disease, sleep, ghosts, dreams, witchcraft and enchantments.
Ancient Greek Gods and Goddesses
Her father was Erebus, who reigned in a palace in the dark regions of the Underworld. As the sister of the many of the dark gods of death, night and the Underworld, Eris personified all chaos and strife resulting in the warfare, death, unhappiness and pain. She was never invoked by mortals, except when they desired her assistance for the accomplishment of evil purposes.
Eris, the Greek goddess of discord, quarrels and feuds
Picture of the gods and the Golden Apple of Discord
The Symbols of Eris
In Greek Art the god was often illustrated with images and pictures representing the attributes and symbols associated with her. Eris is represented in Greek art as a woman of florid complexion, dishevelled hair, and an angry and menacing appearance. Her dress is torn and disorderly, and her hair entwined with venomous snakes. The symbols associated with the goddess Eris are a poniard (a small dagger) and a hissing adder which she holds in one hand, and a burning torch that she holds in her other hand.
- A burning torches symbolizes the devastation caused by war
- The poniard, a small thin dagger used for stabbing (also stabbing in the back)
- The Hissing adder symbolizes fear and evil
Eris in Ancient Greek Mythology
Eris is featured in the ancient myth relating to the legend of the Apple of Discord due to which she indirectly started the Trojan War. The conflict began when all the gods and goddesses were invited to the wedding of Peleus and Thetis, save one - Eris. To avenge this slight, Eris threw the golden apple of discord to the guests of the wedding feast. The golden apple had "for the fairest" written on it and Hera and Athena and Aphrodite all claimed it. Paris, the Prince of Troy, awarded it to Aphrodite beginning a chain of events that led to the Trojan War.
Eris (Roman Counterpart was Bellona)
When the Roman Empire conquered the Greeks in 146BC, the Romans assimilated various elements from other cultures and civilisations, including the gods and goddesses that were worshipped by the Ancient Greeks. Many of the Greek gods and goddesses, such as Eris, were therefore adopted by the Romans but were given Latin names. The Roman counterpart of Eris was Bellona and Discordia.
Family Tree and Genealogy of Eris
The following Family Tree illustrates the genealogy family members and genealogy of Eris, providing an overview of the relationships between Eris and some of the principle Greek gods and goddesses of darkness and the Underworld.
The Brothers and Sisters of Eris
According to Greek Mythology Eris was the daughter of Nyx, the dark goddess of Night and Erebus whose province was the Underworld before the emergence of Hades. The siblings of Eris were all death spirits:
- Thanatos, twin of Hypnos, a god of Death, the hard-hearted, pitiless, enemy of mankind
- The Keres, or “Death Fates” described as 'scavengers who defiled the dead'
- Oizys, goddess of misery, distress, anxiety and worry
- Momus the evil-spirited god of blame and criticism
- Hypnos, the god of sleep
- Geras the malevolent god of loathsome Old Age
- Nemesis avenging goddess of Divine Retribution
- Charon, the Ferryman
- Lyssa, the goddess of mad rage and frenzy
- Hecate was the goddess of magic, witchcraft and ghosts
- The Fates, the goddesses of Destiny
- The Furies, the goddesses of vengeance and retribution
- Epiphron the demon of shrewdness
Eris Family Tree
The Children of Eris
Such was the power of Eris that, according to ancient Greek mythology the abhorred Eris produced terrible children including the Neikea, the Hysminae, the Phonoi, the Androktasiai, the Pseudologos, the Amphilogia, the Algea, the Machae, Horkos, Ponos, Limos, Dysnomia and Ate:
- The Neikea: The Neikea were the goddesses of arguments
- The Hysminae or Hysmine, the female spirits of street fighting and rebellion
- The Phonoi were the evil spirits of murder, killing and slaughter outside the battlefield
- The Machae were the goddesses of battle and combat
- The Androktasiai were the female personifications of manslaughter
- The Pseudologos or Pseudo-Logoi were the gods of lies and forgery
- The Amphilogia were the female spirits of disputes and contention
- The the Algea were the source of weeping and tears, the spirits of pain, illnesses, suffering, sorrow, grief and distress
- Horkos, the avenger of perjury, those who make false oaths
- Ponos the god of hard labor and toil
- Limos the god of hunger and starvation
- Dysnomia the goddess of "lawlessness"
- Ate the goddess of ruin, folly, and delusion
Eris, Goddess of Chaos
- Interesting information and Facts about the Greek goddess Eris
- Eris, the Greek goddess of discord, chaos quarrels and feuds
- Stories and Legends in Greek Mythology associated with the ancient Greek goddess Eris
- Facts and information about the Eris & the Gods and Deities of the Ancient World for schools and kids
- Eris, the Greek goddess of chaos, discord, quarrels and feuds